Amnesty International Koordinationsgruppe zu Korea

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Koordinationsgruppe zu Korea

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(last update: 12/2016)

CLOSE YODOK!

Unsere Petition zum politischen Strafgefangenenlager Yodok. Wir fordern von der nordkoreanischen Regierung die Schließung des Lagers.

Unsere ausführlichen Informationen zu Yodok finden Sie im Untermenüpunkt "Straflager Yodok"

Attach:PetitionYodok2017.pdf | Petition (Laufzeit bis 31.12.2017)


NORDKOREA FILMABENDE

Zahlreiche lokale Gruppen und Hochschulgruppen von Amnesty veranstalten Filmabende zu Nordkorea. (siehe Filmkalender weiter unten auf dieser Seite)

Folgende Filme haben wir im Programm:

THE DEFECTOR: ESCAPE FROM NORTH KOREA

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Film handelt von Fluchthelfer Dragon, der nordkoreanischen ÜberläuferInnen die Durchreise in China ermöglicht. Das besondere am Film ist, dass er im POV-Modus gedreht wurde, und somit den/die ZuschauerIn hautnah an der gefährlichen Reise teilnehmen lässt. NordkoreanerInnen gelten in China als "illegal" und werden ohne weiteres von den chinesischen Behörden in ihr Heimatland abgeschoben, wo sie üblicherweise schwere willkürliche Strafen, Folter, Misshandlungen und sogar eine mögliche Hinrichtung erwarten. Ob die Fluchtroute im Film geheim bleibt, oder nicht doch eine unerwartete Wendung nimmt? Trailer und Interaktives zum Film

Länge: 71:00

Sprache: Englisch / Koreanisch (mit englischen Untertiteln)
Regie: Ann Shin (Kanada)
Jahr: 2012

THE DEFECTOR kostenpflichtig im Internet anschauen oder kostenlos bei unseren Filmabenden.

48 METER - GEFÄHRLICHE FLUCHT ÜBER DEN GRENZFLUSS YALU

Nur 48 Meter breit ist der Yalu-Fluss. Er markiert die natürliche Grenze zwischen Nordkorea und China. NordkoreanerInnen riskieren ihr Leben, um diese 48 Meter auf ihrer Flucht aus Nordkorea zu passieren. Der Spielfilm zeigt unter anderem zwei Schwestern, die erleben wie ihre Eltern beim Versuch der Überquerung des Flusses von nordkoreanischen Soldaten hingerichtet werden. Dann gibt es noch den Soldaten, den das schlechte Gewissen plagt, da er jeden, der diesen Fluss überquert, erschießen muss. Weitere berührende auf wahren Begebenheiten basierende Geschichten kommen in diesem Drama vor, die zeigen, wie unendlich weit doch 48 Meter sein können. Trailer


Filmposter

Länge: 97:00

Sprache: Koreanisch (mit englischen Untertiteln)
Regie: Min Baek-doo (Südkorea)
Produktion: Jeong Seong-il-II
Jahr: 2013
SchauspielerInnen: Park Hyo-joo 박효주 als Park Seon-hee 박선희, Lee Jin-hee-II 이진희 als Ryoo Hwa-yeong 류화영, Ha Seok 하석 als Hyeon Yong-joon 현용준, Jo Han-cheol 조한철 als Jo Han-cheol 조한철, Ahn Se-ho 안세호 als Choi Seok-ho 최석호, Joo Min-ha 주민하 als Park Hee-jin 박희진, Kim Yong-jin 김용진 als Ri Seong-jin 리성진, Ji An 지안 als Hwang Ok-rim 황옥림, Kim Kwang-hyeon 김광현 als Cheon-deok 천덕 and Yoo Hae-won 유해원 als Jang Byeol-hee 장별희

KINOFILMKALENDER derzeit keine Aufführungen


§WIE KANN AMNESTY IN NORDKOREA HELFEN? WIE KÖNNEN SIE HELFEN?

1. How will my money make a difference? And how will Amnesty make a difference in North Korea?


Your donation will make a massive difference! 
You can help us to conduct more research on human rights abuses in North Korea. If we are not able to investigate human rights atrocity’s and gather evidence then we cannot push for change. We produce detailed reports containing evidence, including testimonials from North Koreans who are now away from the country and are able to speak up about their struggles to re-connect with their beloved ones back home. 
We are respected for the depth and accuracy of our research. Regardless of who is committing the abuses or where they are taking place, we will expose them! 
We need money also for human rights education programs and public awareness-raising activities so people know what the struggles people are facing around the globe. 
You will also help make our campaign "Connection Denied" calls louder, bigger and stronger by galvanising more supporter, resources and innovative materials to pitch our message to the North Korean government.

2. What happens to people if they get caught trying to make international calls to their family or accessing the internet? Do they and 3 generations of their family get sent to prison/camps?


We cannot be sure what the heaviest punishment could be for trying to make international calls or access the World Wide Web because the individuals caught could be charged under crimes as varied as brokerage, illegal trade and treason. In the report "Connection Denied" we talked with several who were able to pay a bribe to avoid this detention. But realistically the time in detention – usually in labour camps – would most likely be a couple of months to several years. 
About the questions of generations of a family, you are probably asking about ‘guilt by association,’ the unjust practice which subjects innocent people to arbitrary detentions, torture and other ill treatment for crimes that their family member allegedly committed. It is possible, but we don’t have reports or individuals’ family members also being detained for this type of activity, just the one caught with the devices or using the devices.

3. Why is this important when there are millions of people dying or being displaced in conflict zones like Syria, Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan?


We care about, and will continue to work on the entire range of human rights across the globe, from the right to life to the right to health and education. Amnesty International is by no means ignoring all the people suffering in these countries. But while we care about people who are suffering from physical harm, we also cannot stay silent about the right to freedom of expression, which includes the right to seek, receive and impart information regardless of national borders. North Koreans are currently deprived of this freedom, and it is one of our many initiatives to tell the world about this human right violation. 
This also directly impacts on our ability to continue to fight against other abuses of human rights. Without the ability to send and receive information across borders, it remains extremely difficult for people in North Korea to tell the outside world about the systemic, widespread and gross human rights violations such as executions, torture, forced labour and other ill-treatment.

4. Why is Amnesty focusing on access to international mobile and internet communications when there are hundreds of thousands of people suffering from forced disappearance, torture, starvation, forced labour, executions etc. inside prison camps and other detention facilities in NK? Why not campaign to end the worst of the human rights abuses?


We continue to work on a variety of human rights violations in North Korea through research, campaigning and advocacy including at the United Nations. We also can’t ignore that surveillance and censorship on communications is a rising trend in human rights violations around the world. 
Amnesty International is carrying out this campaign "Connection Denied" to urge the North Korean government to end the restrictions on mobile phone services and accessing outside information because the right to access information will enable us to do so much more to end these other grave human rights abuses. 
Independent monitors of human rights are currently not allowed to travel to North Korea to understand the situation there. Without the ability to send and receive information across border, it remains extremely difficult for people in North Korea to tell the outside world about systemic, widespread and gross human rights violations such as executions, torture, forced labour and other ill-treatment.

5. What about people who are starving to death and can’t afford mobile phones? What is Amnesty doing to help them?


Amnesty International has continued to urge the North Korean government to allow humanitarian workers access to people who are suffering the most. The food security situation in North Korea has actually improved in recent years, but people still need reliable access to food. It is therefore important to allow food and other items to be trucked in from neighboring countries such as China. According to North Koreans whom we interviewed, the mobile phone is an important tool in maintaining this market trade, which has to a large extent has replaced the unreliable government distribution system in making food and necessities available to people. Currently, mobile phones under the domestic system have become hugely popular in North Korea, with 3 million subscribers, and network coverage expanding to cover 94% of the country’s population of about 25 million.

6. Why would Kim Jong-un care? How is this really going to bring about real change?


The violations to the rights to freedom of opinion, expression and the right to access information received the attention of the UN Human Rights Council, which in early 2015 urged the North Korean government to ensure the enjoyment of these rights, “including by permitting the establishment of independent newspapers and other media”. 
Moreover, the North Korean government cannot ignore the worldwide trend of unified international communications. Kim Jong-un blocks North Koreans from calling people outside the country, because he wants to maintain strict control over the information that they receive. But on the other hand, he also needs to deliver economic development, and to attract foreign investment. 
The fact that domestic mobile phone services have been started in North Korea in a signal that Kim Jong-un may recognize the need to develop and use technological advancements. 
To bring about real change, international pressure must be raised through high profile campaign work. By signing up our ‘Send a Message to Kim’ action (Online-Game above), the campaign "Connection Denied" calls will be directed to the North Korean government via their diplomatic missions around the world.

7. What is the evidence that Amnesty can make any change in North Korea? i.e. what have we done in the past? How is Amnesty uniquely positioned to have influence?


Our past research, campaign, and advocacy work on North Korea have informed decisions at the international level, particularly in the UN, regarding North Korean human rights. With our more than 7 million activists worldwide, and their active campaigning on our well respected research, we are uniquely positioned to achieve impact.

8. What about the prison camps? Are they still there and still as bad? What is Amnesty doing to close the camps?


To date, the political prison camps are still in operation, and the North Korean government still denies their existence. We constantly need efforts to show the North Korean government that the world is watching. Our previous findings through satellite images was a powerful way to do so. But we hope that someday North Koreans themselves will be empowered to collect evidence of these grave suffering, and be able to send it to the world directly using the information technology which they have a right to access.


SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE DPRK (MÄRZ 2016)

Our oral statement in the Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in DPRK

Amnesty International urges the Human Rights Council during its meeting in Geneva on 14 March 2016 with this oral intervention to call on the DPRK government to lift all restrictions on the freedom of expression and to end all arbitrary surveillance and interference with communications.

Mr. President, Since the release of the UN Commission of Inquiry report in 2014, Amnesty International has been concerned about the lack of cooperation from the government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea with the UN and international human rights monitors. Extremely little information about the true human rights situation has been made available to the outside world. This stranglehold on communications and information flow in and out of the country is consistent with our latest research.1 With more than 3 million mobile phone subscriptions in the country, people are still denied their right to freedom of expression and the ability to make calls out of the country. Foreign nationals travelling and living in the DPRK and a select few elites are the only people who have access to the international internet as we know it. North Koreans are confined to a computer network that only provides access to domestic websites and email. Ordinary North Korean people continue to face arbitrary surveillance, arrest and detention when they attempt to make calls with outside world or access outside information through DVDs or other media. Smuggled mobile phones, which allow connection with Chinese mobile networks, are one of the few channels through which contact with the outside world is possible. In recent years, the North Korean government has tightened border security, and intensified surveillance over communications, thereby putting people who are legitimately exercising their right to freedom of expression under even greater risk. Amnesty International urges the Human Rights Council to call on the DPRK government to lift all restrictions on the freedom of expression and to end all arbitrary surveillance and interference with communications. We also continue to call for accountability over the full range of human rights violations in the DPRK. Mr. Darusman, we express our appreciation for your sterling work as Special Rapporteur, and we wish you well in your future endeavours. Thank you Mr. President.


Eine Frau telefoniert in Nordkoreas Hauptstadt Pjöngjang vor dem "Monument zur Gründung der Partei der Arbeit Koreas": © ED JONES/AFP/Getty Images

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